The European Space Agency has launched their first orbiter and experimental lander on a Russian Rocket on Monday, March 14, 2016, to probe the signs of life in the Red Planet.
The project which is named ExoMars Mission is being carried out in collaboration with Russia’s Roscosmos, and it is expected to reach Mars on this October.
The ExoMars Mission will complete two projects in Mars. The orbiter will circle the planet, and will analyze gases that make up the part of the already weaker Mars atmosphere.
Curiosity Rover detected traces of methane on Mars in 2014, and experts hope that a living entity is producing it in the planet. In Earth, some living organisms are capable of producing methane as a metabolic byproduct.
Many other experts believe that living things are not the sole source of methane. Saturn’s moon Titan has large methane lakes on its surface, and nobody is hoping signs of life there.
The ExoMars Orbiter aims to give a clear understanding of the methane production in Mars. By the end of this mission, scientists will understand that methane in Mars is whether geological or biological.
Paolo Ferri, ESA’s head of mission operations stated that this new assignment will give complete details about methane production on the planet. The mission will also try to fetch more information about the water ice deposits just beneath the surface of Mars.
The second purpose of ExoMars first attempt is known as Schiaparelli module. The module is considered to be a dress rehearsal to enter Mar’s atmosphere, which will help the second Mars Mission to land safely in 2018.
The second ExoMars journey will be launched somewhere around 2018, and it will have a life and fossil detecting rover. In 2013, United States’ Beagle Probe disappeared, and ESA is trying to avoid these kinds of setbacks.