A new study reveals that babies born outside hospitals are at greater risk of being exposed to serious complications including death. Lately, majority of American women are planning to give birth at their homes or in the birthing centers, but the related consequences were not studied yet. However, a report published in New England Journal of Medicine’s recent edition says that out of every 1,000 deliveries planned for a residential-style birthing center in Oregon, almost 4% ended in perinatal death, which is higher compared to 1.8% of deaths in deliveries that took place in professional nursing care.
Around 80,000 pregnancies were analyzed during the study, and it was found that the baby’s born out of the hospital or in birthing centers displayed increased probability of death and complicated risks, especially during the first month or birth process. Contrarily a Canadian study found out that the death and health-related risks were almost similar for babies born in hospitals and at the birthing centers or homes. Health experts argue that the difference in results is because the core health facilities available in Canada are much better than in Oregon.
Births outside the hospitals increasing
The executive director of the National Association of Certified Professional Midwives, Mary Lawlor, criticized some of the earlier researches, with almost similar conclusions. However, she welcomed the new study reports saying that it was a very well done research. According to her, the overall statistics are good, and when it comes to saving lives of babies, one should learn from the researched data and do everything to protect the newborns.
The Vice Chairman of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists committee on obstetric practice, Dr. Joseph Wax, said that that study clearly reveals the pros and cons of both the available birth settings that includes birthing centers/home and hospitals, and both come with their share of benefits as well as risks to the babies and their moms.