The oceans around the world have numerous species of viruses and other living organisms. According to the data, there are 200,000 species of viruses in the oceans but the number has increased by 12 times as per the recent studies. According to the report published on Thursday in the journal, Cell said that the virus species in the oceans are 12 times more than it is known.
The research was conducted by scientists from Ohio State University as the scientists from the university have already taken part from the evolution of biotechnology to climate change. Matthew Sullivan who is a microbiologist at the Ohio State University explained how the viruses affect our ecosystem. He conveyed, “Having that road map helps us do a lot of the things we’d be interested in to better understand the ocean and, I hate to say it, but maybe to have to engineer the ocean at some point to combat climate change.”
The research showed the different spots in the oceans where the different kind of virus species are found as well as explained that different kind of viruses is found in five different ecological zones in the oceans. Sullivan explained, “Viruses tend to steal genes and do really interesting things with them. So someone who’s savvy in biotechnology can mine this data set to find new enzymes that can help us in our everyday lives, whether that’s cosmetic products or creating a new thermocycler or some sort of engineering process, There’s a lot of understanding that needs to happen to do that in a societally responsible way, but I think that this kind of study provides quite a foundation to start thinking in that manner.”
According to the studies the marine organisms produce half of the oxygen that humans breathe and the oceans exhale half of the carbon dioxide that humans release in the atmosphere.