Your Favorite beverage coffee might be in crisis due to climate change

Imagine that drink which used to provide you full-on energy is not available anymore. Coffee is the go to beverage for every office-goer or simply anyone who loves a strong rush of energy. According to latest research, the world’s largest coffee-producing areas could decrease by a whopping 88 percent in the next few decades due to the deteriorating situation of climate caused by global warming.
An entomologist and senior staff scientist for ecology, behaviour and evolution at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute in Panama named David Roubik, analyzed how the growing climatic change is sure to affect coffee growers and the results are disappointing for coffee lovers.
Coffee needs specific temperatures to grow and tropics are the best place but the same tropics are most vulnerable to shifting temperatures and can eventually lead to decrease in production. Coffee is one such controlled climate crop along with grapevines which need cooler climatic conditions to grow properly. This leaves the coffee growers with only one option, i.e., to relocate to a higher altitude or colder place which is a hectic job plus sometimes it is impossible to recreate the potential conditions suitable for coffee growth. Even if you find a similar temperature, you might not find same soil or rainfall. Take for example, countries like Nicaragua, Honduras and Venezuela which just aren’t mountainous enough for the farmers to relocate to a higher altitude.
This reduction in coffee production will not only affect global coffee production but also affect livelihood of many farmers.
Out of the two available varieties of Coffee namely Robusta and Arabica, the latter is less tolerant to temperature change but preferred more by coffee lovers due to its taste which puts stress on the already deteriorating amount of coffee.
Coffee reduction is also a direct result of decreasing number of bees. Bees are the unsung hero of nature. They help pollinate flowers which provide us with fruits after pollination occurs. Same goes for coffee. Fewer bees mean less coffee production.
According to Rickets and Roubik, coffee production is greatly dependent on bees to pollinate it and this is one of the reasons why previous predictions were highly inaccurate because they failed to take into account the effect of pollinators.
Results suggest that coffee-suitable areas will be reduced by an estimated 73-88% by 2050 which is greater than the earlier estimated decline ranging from 46-76%.

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