NASA has captured an incredible video of space event, black hole shreds a star to pieces, this is known as “cataclysmic phenomenon”, this is the first-ever video caught by NASA.
This incredible video is witnessed by TESS – Transmitting Exoplanet Survey Satellite. Attention was captured when the TESS monitoring star unexpectedly grew brighter. Event is called Tidal disruption, which causes a black hole to consume entire star, not even a light could get out, hence we can’t see black holes.
Blackhole is a point in space where gravitation pull is very huge that even light cannot get out. Such events are rare which may occur every 10,000 to 100,000 years in a galaxy like Milky Way.
The evidence collected by TESS was validated by The telescope network, together with NASA, the European Space Agency (ESA) and observatories in Chile.
Dr. Thomas Holoien, from the Carnegie Observatories in Pasadena, said: “TESS data let us see exactly when this destructive event, named ASASSN-19bt, started to get brighter, which we’ve never been able to do before.
“Because we identified the tidal disruption quickly with the ground-based All-Sky Automated Survey for Supernovae (ASAS-SN), we were able to trigger multiwavelength follow-up observations in the first few days.
“The early data will be incredibly helpful for modeling the physics of these outbursts.”
Dr. Holoien and his team found the tidal disruption caused the star’s temperatures to drop from 71,500F to just 35,500F degrees (40,000 to 20,000 degrees Celsius).
NASA said Astronomers think the supermassive black hole weighs around six million times the sun’s mass and is located about 375 million light-years away in a galaxy of similar size to the Milky Way.
According to NASA, the intense tides of blackhole break apart the star into a stream of gas, when the star is too close and the tail of that stream breaks away from the black hole while other parts of it swing back around and create a halo of debris. Also, it is believed that the star which is captured in video bt TESS is of similar size as of the sun.