If you think if our ocean is full of water and water species then you are wrong. The oceans are also filled with something that you is affecting the lives of several living organisms including the water species and those species who live on land and that thing is garbage. According to recent studies, it was found that more than 8.8 to 14 million tons of plastic are dumped in the oceans every year which makes it equal to the weight of 2 million elephants. Plastics are not easy to dump and degrade as some plastics even take 100 years to decompose.
The plastic waste gets break down into small pieces which are later called microplastic and the negative point about microplastics are that they never biodegrade. Even after the several studies, it is still unclear where the microplastics travel in the ocean and how do they affect. It is said that the microplastic particles get settle down in the environment of the deep ocean, as per the research published in the journal Scientific Reports. According to the author of the report, the small plastics get settle down and “extends much further and more extensively into the waters, sediments, and animal communities of the deep sea.”
For studying more about the plastics underwater, the lead author of the new study, Anela Choy along with her team sent a remote-operated vehicle to study more about how plastic reacts underwater in the depths of Monterey Bay in California. During the research, Choy’s team found the particles of microplastic in the deep sea which 3,200 feet below the waves. According to the previous studies the microplastics were found in the depths of between 650 and 2.000 feet. As per the research that Choy and her team performed underwater in Monterey Bay, most of the plastic was polyethylene terephthalate (PET) and PET is normally used in water bottles or soft drink bottles.