InSight, NASA, China

New landers which are being sent to Mars in order to bring advancement in the knowledge of the scientists about Mars. Planet Earth is now working to evolve new neighbors to the existing ones. They think that they should make three more landers which could eventually join the scientific brigade on Mars.

Recently InSight has been sent on Mars and landed on this Monday. The InSight Lander and the Curiosity Rover which was sent back in 2012 both are the mere robots which are roaming on the red planet in order to search new amazing facts about Mars.

NASA’s InSight spacecraft touched down on the sweeping, red equatorial plains Monday, less than 400 miles (640 kilometers) from Curiosity, the only other working robot on Mars. It is the approximate distance from San Francisco to Pasadena.

Landing on Mars is not an easy task but NASA nailed it for eight-time with excellence. InSight Lander will be the milestone in the discoveries of Mars. InSight will be performing big tasks on behalf of the scientists. With an aim to study the inner core of mars and marsquakes happening on Mars, InSight has been sent.

It will be drilling the Martian surface and measuring the temperature inside. Other rovers from China, U.S., Europe also tend to roam with these two probes in coming next years. NASA’s Mars 2020 will be hunting for the rocks, the rocks which will be telling the evidence of microbial life and they are also targeting the Jezero Crater which was once a wet river delta.

The European-Russian ExoMars also will sniff out possible past life, drilling a couple yards (meters) down for chemical fossils. A spacecraft that was part of an ExoMars mission in 2016 crash-landed on the red planet.

China and UAE are also planning for the landers to send on Mars. China aims to send Chinese Mars 2020 which will be having an orbiter and lander. UAE is also planning to send its first lander on Mars which will be named as Amal.

“The moon is where it’s at right now relative to commercial space,” said Thomas Zurbuchen, head of NASA’s science mission office, which is leading the lunar payload project.

In three days after the InSight landing, NASA already announced the new lunar delivery program. The space agency has chosen nine U.S. companies to compete in getting science and technology experiments to the lunar surface. The first launch could be next year.

Bridenstine envisions a trip to Mars for astronauts in the mid-2030s, admittedly a “very aggressive” goal.”The reality is, yes, your nation right now is extremely committed to getting to Mars,” Bridenstine said following InSight’s touchdown, “and using the moon as a tool to achieve that objective as fast as possible.”

Mars is the obvious place for “boots on the ground” after the moon, said Zurbuchen.

What makes Mars so compelling—for robotic and, eventually, human exploration—is its relatively easy access, said InSight’s lead scientist, Bruce Banerdt of NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory. One-way travel time is six months, every two years when the planets are closest. Conditions are harsh, but relatively hospitable. “Kind of like being in Antarctica without the snow,” said Banerdt.

On top of that, Mars may be one of the most likely places to find life outside of Earth, according to Banerdt.

Apart from Mars, Jupiter’s moon named as Europa may have life but it is so expensive to reach there. Banerdt said it’s hard to imagine achieving such a mission anytime soon.

A life-seeking mission to Europa might come about every decade, Banerdt said, while it’s plausible to have robotic sniffers launching to Mars every two years. That’s five Mars missions for every single one at Europa, he noted.






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