Organic Matter, Volcanic rock, geologist
Image Source: University of Manchester

According to scientists, they have found the location of an organic matter which is extraterrestrial in origin. It is situated in a 3.3 billion-year-old rock in the Makhonjwa Mountains in South Africa. The study conducted regarding the findings of the organic matter disclosed that the organic chemicals which are found in the space have come with the meteorite which once hit our earth and created the building blocks for the first development on life. The study was performed in a region of the Mkhonjwa Mountains which is known as Josefdal Chert, a group of geologists performed the study and found out a large deposit of ancient volcanic rock.

Organic Matter, Volcanic rock, geologist
Image Source: YouTube

The rock had layers and was filled with carbon as per the samples collected by the researchers. After getting the samples, researchers analyzed the sample by using a method called Electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy also known as EPR as they used this technique to study the rounds of electrons so that they can find out the origin of the organic matter. The results of the findings revealed the same signals identical to the meteorites which had carbon layers in it and some of the material found in the sample were not from Earth as they must have originated from outside the Earth. The study was indeed challenging for the scientists as it was difficult to find out the matters which were originated outside the Earth.

The lead author of the paper, Didier Gourier of the Institut de Recherche de Chimie de Paris wrote, “Many researchers believe that extraterrestrial input on early earth may have provided abundant sources of organic precursors for the emergency of life [approximately 3.5 to 3.8 billion years] ago. However, so far there is no direct evidence of such extraterrestrial organic supply because the organic matter buried in solidified sediments of primitive seas has undergone important modifications (temperature, pressure, time) giving a fossilized carbonaceous material… As a result, although the carbonaceous matter is easy to detect in very old sedimentary rocks… its origin is much more difficult to determine.”

Barbara Walters
Chief Editor with relevant experience of three years, Barbara has founded The News Recorder. She has a keen interest in the field of science and space. She has written several papers and high-level documentation.