Home Science Scientists Unveil First-Ever Geological Map of Titan

Scientists Unveil First-Ever Geological Map of Titan

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Image Credit: New York Post

Human’s search for another life source has a never-ending story, but, they have not touched any success yet. There are certain places where humans are expecting some life sources or organic materials, which are essential for life. Titan, one of the many moons of Saturn, is said to be one of the sites having a potential life source.

Recently, scientists revealed the first-ever geological map of Titan. The map includes huge plain lands and dunes all over the Saturn’s satellite. The dunes comprised of frozen organic materials. Scientists also marked several lakes across Titan. The lakes are filled with methane in liquid form. The presence of methane makes Titan a strong candidate for the presence of life beyond Earth.

The map is based on the satellite data and images collected by Cassini spacecraft. Cassini spacecraft from the American space agency NASA was observing Saturn and its satellites from 2004 to 2017. Most of the data sent to Earth were taken from the radar and infrared images by the spacecraft.

An organic material which includes carbon-based compounds is instrumental for fostering life. As a result, human beings are hoping to make Titan a potential shelter planet in the future.

Organic materials are extremely important for life-making, and we are assuming the source of life under the icy crust of Titan revealed planetary geologist Rosaly Lopes.

More about Titan

Titan is a huge celestial body circulating Saturn. Titan has a diameter of 3,200 miles (around 5,150 km). It is the second biggest natural satellite in the solar system after Ganymede, a moon of Jupiter. Titan is even larger than the planet Mercury.

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Water is rained down from the cloud on Earth, but in Titan, clouds offer multiple hydrocarbons like methane and ethane. The equatorial region is relatively dryer in comparison to poles in Titan. The recent study suggests that the plains cover 65% of the surface, while dunes comprise 17% of the surface area.

 

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